The human mind only remembers those things or incidents that are the most unique among all. People around the world have been constructing, developing, innovating new things for years. Among them, some are unique in nature or feature and people remember and consider them differently.
Even today also, the construction of a new temple, bridge, road, building, church, tomb, or house is under construction somewhere in the world. Among millions of constructions, it is difficult to select the most unique among them. Luckily New7Worders took the initiative and selected 21 such names after finding them around the world. Finally, in 2007, they released the list of seven wonders of the world, and 100 million people around the world voted by messaging or internet.
Take a look: The great pyramid of Giza has been added to the list but was given honorary status. So it is not included in the list.
Seven Wonders of the World
Taj Mahal – India
Location: Agra, Uttar Pradesh, India
Foundation Year: AD 1643
Tajmahal was commissioned by the Mughal empire Shah Jahan in 1931. He wanted to gift this massive mausoleum to his wife Mumtaz Mahal. Unfortunately, she died while giving birth to their 14th child.
Construction work of it completed in 1943 and it took another 10 years to complete outside projects like the garden.
In 1983, it was selected as a “UNESCO world heritage site”. The expense for the construction of this loving construction was 32 million rupees, which is equal to 72 billion rupees in 2021.
People around the world visit in India every year to take a view of the Taj Mahal. In 2014 only, about 7-8 million tourists visited here.
Colosseum – Italy
Location: Rome, Italy
Foundation Year: AD 80
Colosseum is a large amphitheater, used for gladiatorial contests and public spectacles by the rulers of the Flavian dynasty in Rome. Emperor Vespasian started its construction work in AD 72 and his successor Titas completed it by AD 80.
Over the years, uses of this amphitheater have been changed: in the ancient era, it was used for gladiatorial contests and public spectacles including animal hunts, executions, re-enactments of famous battles, and dramas based on Roman mythology, in the medieval era for uses limited to only entertainment purposes, and later housing, workshops, quarters for a religious order, a fortress, a quarry, and a Christian shrine were conducted here.
According to the Codex Calendar of 354, the Colosseum could accommodate about 87,000 people, although modern estimates tell the figure at around 50,000.
Now, Collesourm is the major tourist spot in Rome, Italy; and a huge earning source from visitors who come to take a glimpse of interiors.
Chichen Itza – Mexico
Location: Tinúm Municipality, Yucatán State, Mexico.
Foundation Year: AD 600
The Maya name “Chichen Itza” means “At the mouth of the well of the Itza. Maya is a linguistic group of Mesoamerica. Chichen Itza is a pre-Columbian large city located in the Mexican state of Yucatán.
Temple of Kukulcan, is a Mesoamerican step-pyramid that dominates the center of the Chichen Itza archaeological site. It has 365 steps for each day of the year: 91 steps on each of the four sides and the platform at the top serves as the 365th step.
It encompasses a number of styles, including the Puuc and Chenes styles of the northern Yucatán Peninsula. The Puuc-style architecture is concentrated in the Old Chichen area, and also the earlier structures in the Nunnery Group.
Machu Picchu – Peru
Location: Cusco Region, Urubamba Province, Machupicchu District in Peru
Foundation Year: AD 1450
Machu Picchu is a 15th-century Inca citadel situated on a mountain ridge in Peru. It has three primary structures: the Inti Watana, the Temple of the Sun, and the Room of the Three Windows. Machu Picchu is a cultural and natural as well as UNESCO World Heritage Site
Machu Picchu is believed to have been built under the duration of two great Inca rulers, Pachacutec Inca Yupanqui and Túpac Inca Yupanqui. During its use as a royal estate, it is estimated that about 750 people lived there, with most serving as support staff, they lived there permanently.
People at that time used to do farming on the terrace of Machu Picchu. These terraces were a work of considerable engineering, built to ensure good drainage and soil fertility while also protecting the mountain itself from erosion and landslides.
Christ the Redeemer – Brazil
Location: Rio De Janerio, Brazil
Foundation Year: AD 1931
Christ the Redeemer is a large statue of Jesus Christ in the southeastern part of Brazil. It is the largest Art Deco-style sculpture in the world. It took about 9 years 1922-1931 to complete the whole construction. Finally, the foundation stone of the base was ceremonially laid on April 4, 1922—to commemorate the centennial on that day of Brazil’s independence from Portugal.
The 625 m long statue is located at the peak of the 700-meter (2,300 ft) Corcovado mountain in the Tijuca Forest National Park. When Lightning struck the statue in 2008, caused some damage to the fingers, head, and eyebrows. The Rio de Janeiro state government restored some of the outer soapstone layers and repair the lightning rods on the statue.
The total cost of the construction is estimated to be equivalent to the US $250,000 (equivalent to $3,600,000 in 2021, Wikipedia).
Petra – Jordon
Location: Ma’an, Jordon
Foundation Year: BC 312
Petra is basically a historical and archaeological city in Southern Jordon. Petra was the capital of the Nabataean empire of King Aretas IV. Established possibly as early as 312 BC as the capital city of the Arab Nabataeans. The Nabateans were nomadic Arabs who benefited from the proximity of Petra to the regional trade routes, becoming a major trading hub, thus enabling them to gather wealth. They were also known for their efficient working ability in constructing proofed water-collecting methods in the barren deserts and their talent in carving structures into solid rocks
A Swiss explorer called Johann Ludwig Burckhardt discovered Petra in 1812. Because it was an unknown metropolitan for around 5 centuries, it is also called the “Lost City”.
Petra, a 250-foot-high (76-meter-high) sandstone slot canyon known as the Siq that leads directly to Al Khazneh (the Treasury)—perhaps the most stunning of Petra’s dozens of breathtaking features.
Great Wall of China – China
Foundation Year: BC 700
A controversial question is whether the wall is visible from low earth orbit? NASA claims that it is barely visible.
The Great Wall of China is a series of construction that was built across the historical northern borders of ancient Chinese states as protection from various nomadic groups from the Eurasian Steppe. Apart from defense, the other purpose of this massive wall were border controls, imposition of duties on goods transported along the Silk Road, regulation or encouragement of trade, and the control of immigration and emigration.
The Great Wall is actually a succession of multiple walls of length approximately 4,000 miles, making it the world’s longest manmade structure. It was built 220–206 BC by Qin Shi Huang, the first Emperor of China.
The North African traveler Ibn Battuta, who also visited China during the Yuan dynasty c. 1346, had heard about China’s Great Wall, possibly before he had arrived in China. He wrote that the wall is “sixty days‘ travel” from Zeitun (modern Quanzhou) in his travelogue Gift to Those Who Contemplate the Wonders of Cities and the Marvels of Travelling.
Hope you enjoyed the list of seven wonders in the world, the picture, quick guides, and history. Comment below, you will place which one at the top of the list.
Quick Summary of Seven Wonders in the World:
- Taj Mahal – India
- Colosseum – Italy
- Chichen Itza – Mexico
- Machu Picchu – Peru
- Christ the Redeemer – Brazil
- Petra – Jordan
- Great Wall of China – China