After the first world war, India became bankrupt. India became fragile by economic downfall, unemployment, inflation etc. This situation bounded Indian to be ready for the resurgence of nationalism. There were several factors that are responsible for the rise of nationalism. Here we will discuss all those factors and also discuss the effect of nationalism in India.
Reasons behind the rise of nationalism in India after first World War
Economic hardship after first world war
- India’s joined on behalf of the British in the war, as a result, many men died. resources like food, ammunitions, travelling, all the expenses were provided from India by taxing heavy tax on Indians.
- Poverty and high taxation made them protesting against the British.
- Workers, labour, artisan, faced unemployment and the burden of high price.
- Foreign investment increased at that time as many sections of the world are searching to gain power. The rise of foreign investment brought Indian industries to the brink of closure.
- The most humiliated and affected section was the educated, urban class. With unemployment, they faced racism against British culture.
Impact of Russian revolution
Russian revolution was one of the main reason behind the rise of nationalism in India after the First World War.
Under the leadership of Vladimir Hyich Ulyanov (popularly known as Lenin), the Soviet Union and Bolshevik Party of workers overthrew the Czarist regime. The Soviet Union gave up Czarist imperialism in China and the rest of Asia and established self-determination in former Czarist colonies in Asia and adjoining areas on the border.
This revolution reminded people that the actual power is hidden among them. Any tyrannical ruler cannot reign for a long time if people are not satisfied. This idea and thinking brought them organized, united and determined to raise voices against British rule in India.
Lose of hope after the war
Political leaders including Gandhiji agreed to provide Indian soldier in the war. They thought it could be some political gain from the British. But, after the war, British did not cooperate with Indian as they expected. The hatred against the British increased more when they started to ignore Indians.
Expose of vicious intension of imperialist powers
During the war, both forces opened out vicious propaganda to malign each other. But the Paris Peace Conference and other peace treaties that the imperialist powers had no intention of loosening their hold over the colonies, in fact, they went to divide the colonies of the vanquished powers among themselves.
All those eroded the myth that the white was superior in culture, military and economy. As a result, after the war, there was a resurgence of militant nationalist activity throughout Asia ns Africa especially in Turkey, Egypt, Ireland, Iran, Afghanistan, Burma, Malaya, the Philippines, Indonesia, Indo-china, China and Korea.
These are the resons behind the rise of nationalism in India after the First World War.
Effect of nationalism
With this effect, the post-war world saw a surge of nationalism and protest again brutal powers those are reigning for a long time. Particularly in India, many nationalist activities happed at that time and Gandhiji came to India as a leader. After that many protests run under the leadership of Gandhiji and he gained massive popularity, especially among the youth.